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2016

Festival
ORGAN OF THE ZAGREB CATHEDRAL
2016

14 / 7 – 15 / 9 / 2016

“BACH is the beginning and end of all.” (Max Reger)

Cathedral

About the Zagreb Cathedral

 

The Zagreb Cathedral is an exceptional edifice. It is considered to be the greatest and most important sacral building in Croatia. It is an edifice that belongs among the monumental Gothic cathedrals and it indicates that Zagreb was a powerful medieval centre. The institution of the bishopric in Zagreb in 1093-1094 definitely initiated the building of the cathedral. Many archaeological finds prove that there already stood another old church. The cathedral as we know it was built in several stages, with interruptions between the 13th to the beginning of the 16th century, when the arches of the aisles were completed. What we definitely know is that the cathedral was completed and consecrated in the year 1217. However, it was severely destroyed at the time of the Tartarian incursion in the year 1242, but Bishop Timotheus continued thoroughly with its restoration in the Gothic style. The cathedral gets the southern massive bell-tower in the period from 1633 to 1641, at the time of the extremely active bishop Franjo Ergelski Hasanović. The builder of this period was the Swiss Ivan Albertal. He also participated in the restoration of the cathedral after the great fire of the year 1645. In the course of the 17th century and especially in the 18th century the interior of the cathedral was filled-in with baroque inventory, altars (eighteen), pulpits and memorial plates. The cathedral experienced the hardest blow in the great earthquake of the year 1880. After the earthquake which also gravely destroyed Zagreb there was a fundamental restoration of the cathedral undertaken and from 1880 to 1906 the cathedral was restored in the Neo-gothic style. The projects were prepared by the Viennese architect F. Schmidt; the construction was carried out byHermann Bollé. Bollé also carried out the work on the restoration, and he partly changed Schmidt’s projects. It was exactly in this restoration carried out under the management of Hermann Bollé that the cathedral received its current recognizable view with the two slender towers, tall truss roof, new pillars and new altars while the baroque ones were mostly removed. Along with many Croatian eminent men who were given crypts here, there are Petar Zrinski and Fran Krsto Frankopan, Ivan Antun Zrinski, Eugen Kvaternik and the definitely most outstanding person among all, the blessed Alojzije Stepinac, whose name is present in the frequently named cathedral as Stepinec’ cathedral. Nowadays, it is Bollé’s cathedral that gives the visual identity to Zagreb.

The cathedral takes central place of the spiritual life of all Croats.

The organ

About the organ of the Zagreb Cathedral

 

The present-day organ in the cathedral is not the first instrument there. The history of the cathedral organ is far-reaching and rich. We already come upon news about the organ in the 15th and 16th century. The organ was acquired by bishop Osvald and it was repaired in the 16th century by A. Flauenstein. The cathedral organist G. Štrukl, originating from Styria, built a new instrument with thirteen registers in 1647. Somewhere round the year 1690 the organist I. Faller from Ljubljana re-built and augmented the organ by which the influence of the south-German and Italian organ tradition can be detected. After that we know nothing definite about the doings in the cathedral connected with the organ – all up to the year 1834. In this year a new instrument arrived in the cathedral, the biggest instrument in Croatia of that time. The instrument was the work of the Hungarian organ builder F. Focht. However, owing to some errors in the construction the organ was soon sold to the church in Pregrada. It was a three-manual organ with some forty registers. They are still in the Pregrada church in a rather poor state. In 1852 Kaptol ordered a new organ from the German firm Walcker from Ludwigsburg, an organ with four manuals, pedal and fifty registers. The organ was soon built-up – in the year 1855. What is very important is that the firm Walcker was at that time already known across the world and exceptionally appreciated; their big organs were already standing in the churches of Hamburg, Ulm, Boston and the biggest one in Riga. The Zagreb organ is included among the five most valuable works of the mentioned firm. After the 1880 earthquake the organ suffered great damage, so that in the coming period they were subject to various frequent interventions performed by all sorts of organ builders. This went on until the year 1912 when the organ builder firm Walcker, the firm that built the organ, removed the results of the rather bad interventions and also modernized the organ. The last major restoration undertaking was the one performed in the year 1978.
The organ of the Zagreb cathedral belong to the line of concert organs with romantic sound characteristics with more than 6,000 flue pipes, seventy-eight registers and four manuals. It is an instrument on which it is possible to perform literally all the organ literature, from early music all through to the most modern compositions. It is splendid both for soloist concerts and chamber music-making. The organ is considered a major achievement of organist skill and it is one of the biggest in Europe and the world; at the same time they can be classified among the ten finest and top-quality organs in the world. The flue pipes are positioned in the monumental Neo-gothic swell box that excellently fitted in the cathedral space. It remained an unknown fact who the builder of the swell box was. As a zero-category monument of culture the organ is registered with the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Croatia as a protected cultural good.

Concerts

Choose the date and then ‘Biography and concert programme…’

 

14. 7. 2016. / 20,00 Ulrike Theresia Wegele, organ (Austria)

Biography and concert programme...

21. 7. 2016. / 20,00 Mihanović - Borić, oboe - organ (Croatia)

Biography and concert programme...

28. 7. 2016. / 20,00 Nathan Laube, organ (USA)

Biography and concert programme...

11. 8. 2016. / 20,00 Mučić - Javora, trombone - organ (Croatia)

Biography and concert programme...

18. 8. 2016. / 20,00 Manuel Tomadin, organ (Italy)

Biography and concert programme...

25. 8. 2016. / 20,00 Tuomas Pyrhönen, organ (Finland)

Biography and concert programme...

8. 9. 2016. / 20,00 Neven Kraljić, organ (Croatia)

Biography and concert programme...

15. 9. 2016. / 20,00 Končar - Mašić, violin - organ (Croatia)

Biography and concert programme...

Archive

Our past festival years

 

EDMUND ANDLER-BORIĆ won his first degree in the piano with Ida Gamulin and the organ with Ljerka Očić, going on to do a Master`s degree in the organ with Mario Penzar. He continued further studies in the organ interpretation in the master classes of Jaroslav Tuma, Pieter van Dijk and Daniel Roth. As an excellent student he was the absolute winner at the 2nd Franjo Dugan Croatian Organist Competition in 1999 and captured attention by his performance of virtuoso compositions from the period from Romanticism to contemporary music. He is particularly active in appearing at concerts, having given several hundred concerts all over Croatia, in Slovenia, the Netherlands, Germany, Hungary, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Italy, Austria, South Africa, Russia and the USA, making him the most prominent young concert artist. As well as making guest appearances at many festivals, he has launched several events of this kind in Croatia: he is one of the initiators and the artistic director of the international organ festivals Organ of the Zagreb Cathedral and Ars organi Sisciae in Sisak as well as Organ of the island Vis. The Croatia Records publishing house published his first soloist CD in 2009 that was awarded the Croatian discography prize Porin in 2010.
2013 released a second and 2016 third CD under the name Sisak Organ Heritage published by Croatia Records.

KATARINA JAVORA (1986.) was born in Zagreb, where she graduated piano in class of prof. Renata Strojin Richter. She finished her organ studies on Zagreb Music Academy in class of prof. Ljerka Očić. She studied harpsichord in the class of prof. Pavao Mašić, prof. Emanuel Schmelzer Ziringer. She completed her harpsichord master degree on  Zagreb Music Academy in class of prof. Višnja Mažuran. 2013. year she completed her master degree in organ at the University of Music and Performing Arts in Vienna in the class of Pier Damiano Peretti. During her studies she performed as a soloist, in chamber ensembles and with orchestras in various festivals in Croatia, Austria and France. She has participated in several regional competitions and national competition HDGPP, and Ferdo Livadić, Darko Lukić, Vinko Lesić and Petr Eben competition. Katarina Javora won special Rector’s prize 2011. year. She attended various seminars by Croatian and foreign professors such as Libor Dudaš, Theo Jellema, Martin Sander, Ferdinando Luigi Tagliavini, Chr. Bossert, Ante Knešaurek. Pavao Mašic, Aline Zylberajch, Jean Baptiste Robin, Hans Fagius, Nathan Laube …She is on the and of Theory of music study on Musical Academy in Zagreb.
She is an organ player in the Church of St. Therese of the Child Jesus and she teaches in Music schools Brkanović in Zagreb and Franjo Lučić in Velika Gorica.

GORAN KONČAR, one of the most outstanding Croatian violinists, studied at the Zagreb Music Academy in the classes of Martin Borić and Josip Klima. He achieved his M.A. Degree in the class of Leonid Kogan at the Conservatory Tchaikovsky in Moscow. He continued his enhancement with Max Rostal in Bern and Henryk Szeryng in Geneve. Then he continued enhancing with Yfrah Neaman in London to become his assistant at the Guildhall School of Music in the period 1981 – 1983. Since 1988 Končar has been professor at the Academy of Music, University of Zagreb. He held master classes in Madrid, Berlin, Turin, Milan, Sidney, Tokyo, Beijing, Stellenbosch and elsewhere. In the year 2004 he initiated the LAUS Summer Academy in Dubrovnik, together with the greatest violinist names (Zakhar Bron, Viktor Tretyakov, Dmitry Sitkovetsky, Leonid Sorokow). He started his International soloist career in 1982, undertaking guest tours in the majority of European countries, the USA, Japan and Israel. In the period from 1984 to 1994 he was concert master of the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra in London, the Croatian Radio&Television Symphony Orchestra and the Zagreb Philharmonic. He also performed in many concerts with eminent orchestras and conductors all throughout the world. Končar is the winner of the first and special awards at the national competitions in the country, further on of the award Music Life in Moscow (1980) for the performance of the Concerto for the violin and orchestra by Dmitri Shostakovich, the first prize at the International Competition in Bratislava (1984) and other top acknowledgments. On the list of awards the outstanding one is the Vladimir Nazor Award (2006). In his soloist and pedagogical career Končar was particularly dedicated to the interpretation of the works of Johann Sebastian Bach (Solo sonatas and partitas), also to the repertoire that he worked with Max Rostal (W. A. Mozart and the French repertoire – M. Debussy and C. Franck), with Yfrah Neaman (J. S. Bach, M. Bruch, E. Bloch, F. Mendelssohn) and Leonid Kogan (Russian literature – P.I. Tchaikovsky, A. Glazunov, A Khachaturian, S. Prokofiev and D. Shostakovich – for the performance of which he won a Russian award as the first foreigner). He continued dedicating special attention to the performance of 20th century classics (B. Bartok, B. Martinu, S. Gubaidulina, A. Nilsson, K. Goldmark) as well as contemporary works on account of which a range of composers dedicated their compositions to him (Boris Papandopulo, Milko Kelemen, Giuseppe Gavazza, D. Holloway and Ivo Malec). Končar’s first disc was published in 1984 by EMI in London, and he also recorded for the BBC, CBS, France Musique, HRT and other radio and television stations. Croatia Records published one of the rare integral performances of Eugène Ysaÿe’s solo violin sonatas. From 1987 to 2012 he directed the Zagreb Quartet and for the quarter of the century he embedded his skill and art into the existence of this oldest chamber ensemble, not only Croatian but European as well. In his professional activity Končar dedicated his particular attention to the investigation of the sound of historical instruments as well as the enlightenment of the value of tone-wood from Croatia and Bosnia that are used for the building of the most valuable instruments.

NEVEN KRALJIĆ, born in Sušak in 1976, after having completed his secondary musical education in Rijeka studied and graduated from the Albe Vidaković Institute for Church Music at the KBH [Catholic Faculty of Theology] in Zagreb. Afterwards he graduated in the organ at the Zagreb Music Academy in Zagreb in the class of professor Ljerka Očić. For more than eighteen years he was organist he was organist in the Church of Our Lady of Trsat and since 2004 he is permanent organist of the Zagreb Cathedral. From the numerous organist concerts where he appeared, it is necessary to single out the appearances on the occasion of the third pastoral visit of Pope John Paul II to Croatia and Rijeka (2003) and his visit to the Church of Our Lady of Trsat. This also refers to the visit of the Pope Benedict XVI to the town of Zagreb (2011). The particularly festive atmosphere was during the course of the Holy Mass on the hippodrome and the Vespers in the Zagreb Cathedral. Kraljić co-operates with soloists, choirs and orchestras and prepares concerts at home and abroad. He has also made a number of media sound recording so far.

A star among young classical musicians, concert organist NATHAN LAUBE has quickly earned a place among the organ world’s elite performers. In addition to his busy performing schedule, Mr. Laube serves as Assistant Professor of Organ at The Eastman School of Music in Rochester, New York, where he teaches with distinguished professors David Higgs and Edoardo Bellotti.
Nathan Laube holds a Master’s Degree in Organ from the Musikhochschule in Stuttgart, Germany where he was a student of Ludger Lohmann. As a recipient of a William Fulbright Grant, Nathan spent the 2010-2011 academic year studying with Michel Bouvard and Jan Willem Jansen at the Conservatoire à Rayonnement Régional de Toulouse.
Nathan earned his Bachelor of Music Degree at the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia, where he studied organ with Alan Morrison and piano with Susan Starr.
As a church musician, Nathan most recently served from 2011-2013 as Artist-in-Residence at the American Cathedral of the Holy Trinity in Paris, France.
Nathan is frequently asked to teach master classes and workshops in connection with his concerts.
N. Laube has two new CD recordings available; the Stephen Paulus Grand Concerto on the Naxos label (NAXOS 8.559740) recorded with the Nashville Symphony, Giancarlo Guerrero, conducting, and a new solo recital recording on the Ambiente label (AMBIENTE ACD-1062), recorded at the Stadtkirche in Nagold, Germany.

PAVAO MAŠIĆ (Šibenik, 1980), winner of The Grand Prix Bach and Audience Prize at 2006 Bach Organ Competition of  Lausanne actively pursues successful career of a concert organist and harpsichordist. Different aspects of his art include extensive interest in Baroque and Romantic music repertoire – especially music of J. S. Bach, French and Croatian composers – which, combined with in-depth exploration and constant need for expression, result in rich, virtuosic and much admired performances. He graduated from the Zagreb Music Academy: harpsichord, organ and music theory and later on he completed postgraduate studies with honours: organ with Kei Koito at the Haute École de Musique in Lausanne and harpsichord in the class of Dr. Robert Hill at the Hochschule für Musik in Freiburg im Breisgau.
Since 1999, Pavao Mašić has been the Main Organist at St Mark’s Church in Zagreb, place of special historic importance with continuing tradition of organ playing thoroughly documented since 1359. Furthermore, he works as professor at the Zagreb Music Academy, where he is developing a wide pedagogical career raising new generations of harpsichordists and organists. He appears in recitals, both as harpsichordist and organist, performing at important concert venues throughout Europe, Israel & Russia (Moscow, Sankt Petersburg, Basel, Lausanne, Budapest, Bratislava, Vienna, Freiburg, Zaragoza, Porto, Jerusalem, Betlehem, Nazaret, Tel Aviv). The quality of his artistic work has been recognized through more than 20 important international and national awards, among which are prizes at international organ competitions in Lausanne, Zaragoza & Pula. He was the only Croatian candidate ever to perform at prestigious international organ competition in St Albans in 50 years of its existence.
His recordings have been published by Croatian Radiotelevision and Croatia Records: his first solo CD, 1685, dedicated to the harpsichord works of J. S. Bach, G. F. Handel and D. Scarlatti received two Porin national discographical awards and was awarded The Best Classical Music Album in 2012. Next two albums were equally successful: award-winning CD 100% BACH (together with Ante Knešaurek) presents selection of organ music by J. S. Bach, while his most recent double CD recorded at the organ of Zagreb Cathedral in 2014 – which sums up the organ works of Andjelko Klobučar – received four Porin national discographical awards. Together with organist Ante Knešaurek he performed complete organ works of J. S. Bach in a cycle of 17 recitals (2010-2012). For this project, unique in Croatia, he was awarded two prominent awards: Milka Trnina Award and The City of Zagreb Award. These two organists continued their artistic collaboration in 2013 with integral performances of organ works by D. Buxtehude and C. Franck.

Oboist BRANKO MIHANOVIĆ attended the Music Academy in Zagreb and graduated from the High State School of Music in Freiburg under Prof. Heinz Holliger. He was solo oboist at National Opera orchestra in Zagreb, and since 1984 the first oboist of the Zagreb Philharmonic Orchestra. 2001 was appointed assistant professor, and since 2013 as a Professor of oboe at the Music Academy in Zagreb. As a soloist he has performed in most European countries, China, South America, United States and held numerous concerts accompanied by renowned Croatian and foreign orchestras. He was appointed  Opera director at the National Theatre in Zagreb  from 2005 to 2013. He was a member of the jury of national and international competitions as well as numerous chamber ensembles like the Zagreb Wind Trio, Zagreb Wind Ensemble, Ensemble Musica Viva and Acoustic Project. A number of recordings were achieved by Croatia Records, Cantus, Aquarius records, Orpheus and for tCroatian Radio. He has received professional awards Milka Trnina assigned from Croatian Musical Artists Association.

IVAN MUČIĆ rođen je 1989. godine u Čakovcu s prebivalištem u Dekanovcu. Prvu glazbenu naobrazbu iz trombona stekao je kod Stjepana Taradija koji ga je 2006. godine usmjerio u Glazbenu školu u Varaždinu u klasu prof. Stjepana Rukljića. Godine 2009. upisuje Muzičku akademiju u Zagrebu. Tijekom studija usavršavao se kod mnogih renomiranih glazbenika trombonista kao što su Dušan Kranjc, Stephan Poppe, Jaques Mauger, Branimir Slokar, Thomas Eibinger, Dietmar Kublbock, Jonas Bylund, Mike Svoboda, Kiril Ribarski, Mato Šantek, Antonello Mazzucco, Steven Mead (eufonij),  Reinhold Friedrich (truba). Surađivao je s Varaždinskim komornim orkestrom te s gotovo svim zagrebačkim profesionalnim orkestrima i ansamblima kao što su Simfonijski orkestar HRT-a, Zagrebačka filharmonija, Orkestar Hrvatskog narodnog kazališta, Orkestar kazališta Komedija, Simfonijski puhački orkestar oružanih snaga RH, Ansambl Cantus i Vokalni ansambl Antiphonus.
Akademske godine 2012./2013. na Muzičkoj akademiji u Zagrebu nastavlja studij u klasi prof. Marija Šinceka, te paralelno studira trombon u klasi prof. Dušana Kranjca na Akademiji za glasbo u Ljubljani kao Erasmus student. Početkom svibnja polaže audiciju za stalno radno mjesto u orkestru HNK Split. U jesen 2013. godine na 10. Međunarodnom natjecanju Ferdo Livadić jednoglasnom odlukom dobiva Nagradu Grada Samobora i HDS-a za izvedbu Sonate za trombon i klavir – Vox Gabrielli Stjepana Šuleka.
U travnju 2014. godine osvojio je 1. nagradu te je ujedno postao i Laureat kategorije na Međunarodnom natjecanju Svirél u Sloveniji, dok je u svibnju iste godine dobio 1. nagradu i status Laureata na Međunarodnom natjecanju Petar Konjović u Beogradu. U srpnju 2014. godine solistički je nastupio na Osorskim glazbenim večerima. U listopadu 2014. godine održao je solistički recital skladbi hrvatskih autora za trombon i klavir tijekom festivala Samoborska glazbena jesen gdje je praizveo njemu posvećenu kompoziciju Toccatissima skladatelja Davora Bobića. Za izuzetna postignuća u akademskoj godini 2013./2014 dodijeljena mu je Dekanova nagrada.

U ožujku 2015. godine na međunarodnom natjecanju Woodwind&Brass u Varaždinu osvaja 1. nagradu i laureat je kategorije. U lipnju iste godine diplomirao je na Muzičkoj Akademiji u klasi docenta Marija Šinceka.

Doctor of music, TUOMAS PYRHÖNEN is nowadays among the most active Finnish concert organists. He studied at the Sibelius-Academy in Helsinki obtaining his bachelor of music exam in 1994 and organ diploma in 1996, studying organ as professor Kari Jussila’s student in 1996. Immediately after that he studied at the Stuttgart Music University with professor Ludger Lohmann achieving his Final artistic exam there in summer 1998.
Mr Pyrhönen has supplemented his studies in Finland, the Netherlands, Italy and Great Britain. He studied privately organ improvisation with Anders Bondeman in Stockholm. Pyrhönen played his premiere concert at the Kallio (Berghälls kyrka) church in Helsinki in December 1998. As organist he has performed in Hungary, Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Russia, Switzerland, Denmark, Italy, Norway, Iceland, Armenia, Ukraine, New Zealand, Poland, Ireland, France, Sweden, Germany and United States.
Tuomas Pyrhönen likes contemporary music very much. Pyrhönen has recorded four CDs.
Tuomas Pyrhönen has worked in Joensuu parish as church musician since February, 2002. He has also worked as organ teacher and music critic. Beginning autumn 2010 Pyrhönen started his doctoral studies Finnish contemporary organ music as his subject at the Sibelius Academy, Helsinki. He graduated there in November, 2015.

MANUEL TOMADIN, graduated in Piano, Organ and organistic composition, Harpsichord; he took a degree in harpsichord in the University of Udine. He also devotes himself constantly to the executive praxis of the Renaissance and Baroque music and also through the study of the essays and the tools of the epoch. He has followed courses of improvement with Claudio Astronio, Andrea Marcon, Michael Radulescu, Luca Scandali, Ferruccio Bartoletti, Peter Planyavsky, Olivier Latry, Paolo Crivellaro, Jon Laukvik, Ludger Lohmann, Gustav Auzinger, Hans Fagius, Peter Van Dijk, Francesco di Lernia, Eric Lebrun, Teo Theoliema. From 2001 to 2003 he has studied in the Schola Cantorum Basiliensis (Switzerland) with Jean Claude Zehnder and Andrea Marcon. It firmly collaborates with the M° Staropoli Manuel and it belongs to the group of ancient music Terg Antiqua with original instruments. It develops intense activity concert, in Italy and in Europe.
Twenty CDs have engraved for the necklace Historical Organs of the Friuli Venezia Giulia, many of these have been reviewed with 5 stars by leading. It is also teacher of the courses of Music for original instruments, Harpsichord and historical Organ to the Summer musical Courses in  Sappada (Belluno, Italy) Staatliche Hochschule fur musik und Darstellende Kunst in Mannheim (Germany), Sv Stanislava of Lubjana und in Beograd Accademy.
He won 4 prizes in important national organ contests and  6 prizes in international contests. Among which the first prize in Fussen – Breitenwang – Mittenwald (Germany)’s  contest and the second prize with first  not assigned in the prestigious contest of Paul Hofhaimer in Innsbruck for two times ( 2006 – 2010). Winner of the Grand Prix d’ ECHO 2011 in the Alkmaar Schnitger Competition. He is artistic director of the Giovanni Battista Candotti Organ International Festival in Udine and Antonio Vivaldi Festival of Trieste.

ULRIKE THERESIA WEGELE was born in Weingarten, Wuerttemberg, Germany.
From 1984 to 1989 she studied Catholic Church Musik at the State College of Music and Performing Arts in Stuttgart with Ludger Lohmann and was awarded her diploma.
She then studied at the Vienna College of Music under Michael Radulescu, until 1993. In 1991 she took the highest level examination in Catholic Church Music. 1993 she was awarded the solo-diploma for organ with distinction.
She added numerous master classes to her musical studies and subsequently made productions and live recordings in many European countries and the USA. Since 1991 Ulrike Theresia Wegele has lectured at the College of Music in Graz, Austria.
In 1992 she was called to Eisenstadt for the organ class at the Joseph-Haydn-Conservatory. In addition to lecturing and giving concerts she writes for several musical magazines. Since 1999 she is professor for organ at the University for Music in Graz. Her achievements as a teacher are internationally recognized.
From 2000 to 2010 she was the musical advisor for the government of Burgenland in Austria and the art director of the Weinklang Music Festival.
Having performed at the International Organ Festival in Granada / Spain, the Haydnfestival in Eisenstadt, at the worlds biggest organ congress in Washington DC, at the Riverside Church and the St. Thomas Cathedral in New York City, at the renowned Pablo Casals Festival in Prades / France and others. Ulrike Theresia Wegele is praised among the leading organists of her generation.
Her broad repertoire includes works of the time before J.S.Bach, the complete works by Johann Sebastian Bach, Classic, Romantic and contemporary music of the 21st century.